Don't you just love it when a transmission company's thoughtless drawing of a line on a map creates new energy activists?
When a transmission developer considers routes for its new transmission project, it's like playing Russian Roulette. Drawing a line on a map selects a random cross-section of society to sacrifice their property and well-being for benefit of the rest of us. Because transmission developers favor paralleling existing transmission corridors to expand rights of way, the same individuals are often forced to sacrifice again and again.
In the random cross-section of society are all sorts of people with all sorts of personalities, experiences and skills. This random group of people, who may never have met each other but for the transmission project, come together. Personalities mesh, and a shuffling takes place that creates a hierarchy. And the opposition group is born.
New leaders who may have never spent more than a moment thinking about energy wade boldly into the confusing, acronym-laden world of electric transmission.
Each member of the opposition finds their niche. Someone becomes the blogger, the information clearinghouse, the internet Paul Revere. They share the information they find. Their thirst for information is constant, because, in this game, information is power.
And now Clean Line's Plains and Eastern transmission project, a 750-mile merchant line from Oklahoma's panhandle to Memphis, Tennessee, has become the star of the new Block Plains and Eastern Clean Line: Pope, Johnson, Newton, & Conway Co. Blog.
The blog will feature news and updates about the project and its opposition, along with thoughtful commentary and opinion.
Great writers, great thoughts! Check it out!
I've been away for the past week. No emails, no blog posts, no piles of electronic files, no transmission whatsoever. So, what has transmission being doing while I wasn't paying attention? Same old, same old.
A browse of news I missed:
The Sierra Club is still trying to plan the transmission grid and getting it wrong.
PJM despot Steven Herling sent a nasty-gram to NJ Sierra Club's Jeff Tittel, claiming that he was spreading misinformation.
The chief planning official for PJM Interconnection Inc., the grid operator, said in a letter to New Jersey Sierra Club director Jeff Tittel that continued operations of the B.L. England power station in Cape May County would not create reliability problems, but that the plant's shutdown would.
"Recent media statements attributed to you about reliability and cost impacts associated with the B.L. England generating units' remaining in service are based on a misunderstanding of PJM Interconnection's planning process," Steven R. Herling, PJM's vice president of planning, wrote Thursday to Tittel.
"Our transmission-planning process is very complex, dynamic, and - as a consequence - can be misunderstood," Herling said in his letter to Tittel. "I would have been very happy to explain the process and underlying facts to help you avoid confusion, and would be willing to clarify PJM's study results at any time."
Transmission developers held their "public input" open house dog & pony shows on lines they want to build. The "public" showed up en masse to participate, but the real decisions have already been made. Here's one example from Wisconsin
, where ATC plays coy about its preferred route, hoping to foment discord among community groups that wish to foist the transmission line on someone else. The media helps out by framing its story as a NIMBY issue, and failing to examine the need issue.
“I have no doubt, in the long run, we need power and we need power transmission lines, and they’re going to go somewhere,” said Don McKay, general manager of Tyrol Basin Ski and Snowboard Area.
“Nothing here is very negotiable,” said McKay, who also is a Vermont town supervisor.
Robert and Danuta Pyzalski said it was too preliminary to get answers about their town of Middleton home, in the study area.
“My concern is how close the lines would be to residential areas,” Robert Pyzalski said. “To say there would be no danger would be naive.”
Members of a new resident-led work group created to grapple with Dominion Virginia Power’s plans to run a transmission line through Alexandria did not mince words following the utility’s first presentation on the project.
“I’m just looking at statements here with nothing to back them up.”
Both officials and work group members are growing more suspicious as Dominion’s application date creeps closer.
“There’s some healthy skepticism,” Smedberg said. “While Dominion says they don’t know what a final route would be, many people in the community find that a little hard to believe. They know exactly what they want to do and have known for a while.”
With permits to build an underwater and underground power line from the Canadian border to New York City all but fully in hand, the developer is turning its attention to a similar proposal for a 1,000-megawatt power line that would run down Lake Champlain and then across Vermont to feed the New England electric grid.
Once out of the water all the cable will be laid in public rights of way and the company TDI New England has been working with the state of Vermont and local communities along the route on the minutiae: Everything from how to be sure the under-road conduits don’t worsen spring frost heaves to how the cables cross beneath bridges or how to ensure that once the cables are buried they aren’t disturbed.
Benson Selectboard member Sue Janssen said TDI New England has worked hard to meet the concerns of her community of just over 1,000. They are even paying a lawyer of the town’s choosing to represent the community in the detailed discussions that are coming.
“I have the impression if we’d said we wanted our dirt roads painted pink they’d have done it,” she said.
So far there has been no significant opposition to TDI New England’s major electrical infrastructure project such as has faced plans to build ridge-top industrial wind projects, extend a natural gas power line from the Burlington area to Rutland or build a 180-mile above-ground power line between the Canadian border and northern New Hampshire.
“I think that one of the key differentiators of other proposed projects is that we are all buried,” said TDI New England CEO Donald Jessome.
That's right... people can support transmission projects proposed by companies willing to work with communities to lessen a project's impact.
Opposition has a cost.
Meanwhile, as more buried projects are proposed, traditional overhead transmission builders are whining about the cost of buried lines. Funny position for companies that make money on transmission investments -- the more they spend, the more they make. Why not bury the projects? Oh, right, they don't know how. They're still living in the horse and buggy days, telling the same lies about how the technology doesn't exist to bury lines, or that the cost will be 10 or 20 times an overhead line. That just isn't true.
Matt Valle’s solution to energy shortages in Eastern Massachusetts eschews the usual approach of running miles of new transmission lines on unsightly towers. Instead, Valle proposes to bury 50 miles of high-power cable in the ocean floor, using an underwater robot that resembles a lunar rover.
The robot would dig a trench 4 to 6 feet deep in an arc from Salisbury to Lynn for a power line that would bring 520 megawatts of electricity from the Seabrook generating station into Greater Boston.
If approved, the so-called SeaLink line would be the first underwater transmission line in Massachusetts, and Valle argued that it would be more reliable than high-voltage lines that are exposed to New England weather.
“It’s a buried system. It is protected against extreme weather — high winds, flooding, icing,” said Valle, president of New Hampshire Transmission, a subsidiary of NextEra Energy, one of the country’s largest power companies.
But there is one major drawback: With a price tag of more than $1 billion, SeaLink looks on paper to cost about $350 million more than a competing project, which includes a new 25-mile transmission line running from Londonderry, N.H., to Tewksbury, as well as upgrades to the existing high-voltage power network.
“Ours is the most cost-effective solution. That’s a fact,” said Rudy Wynter, president of the transmission business at National Grid, which is partnering with Northeast Utilities on the project. It would feature a combination of high-voltage 115 kV lines and extra-high-voltage 345 kV lines constructed on rights of way that are already held by the two companies.
Is it really all about the cost to ratepayers? Anyone thought of asking ratepayers if it's worth a few extra cents in their power bill to bury high-tech transmission projects in order to make them more reliable? I think the people would overwhelmingly support buried lines from a reliability standpoint alone. A majority would also probably support more expensive buried lines in order to get lines built quicker and with less burden on host landowners, viewsheds and the environment.
Around 100 townsfolk managed to find out about and invade the PSC's "public" hearings on Potomac Edison's proposed 17.2% rate increase in Shepherdstown yesterday. Several dozen made public comment to Commissioner Jon McKinney, who was the only one to show up to listen. Of course, that's really not remarkable, since there are currently only 2 commissioners and Commissioner Albert seems to fear for his own safety
where townsfolk gather with their scary torches and pitchforks out here in the real world.
Despite announcing that the hearing wasn't a two-way conversation where he would directly interact with the commenters, Commissioner McKinney sure was argumentative with a handful of the people who gave testimony. He took offense at comments that he believed were not factual, instead of simply listening. I wonder why he thought it was his job to defend FirstEnergy like that? The first thing Commissioner McKinney began to argue with a commenter about was the percentage of the proposed rate increase. McKinney insisted that it was a 14% rate increase. After much confusion and back and forth, PSC staff attorney John Auville managed to prevail on the fact that the rate increase for residential customers will be 17.2%. This is the number Commissioner McKinney kept denying. However, it is also the number listed on the rate increase pamphlet that FirstEnergy sent out in recent bills to customers. I find it rather alarming that Commissioner McKinney refuses to admit the true magnitude of this rate increase on residential customers. Commissioner McKinney's 14% increase figure included the average increase among different customer classes (residential, commercial and industrial). Residential customers pay the highest rates, so their increase will be much higher. Yesterday's public hearing attendees were all residential ratepayers. Commercial and industrial customers hire lawyers and directly intervene in these kinds of cases. Residential ratepayer participation is limited to public hearing commentary because the Commission believes residential ratepayers may only be formally represented by the state's Consumer Advocate and cannot protect their own interests in rate cases. Therefore, the only number that mattered at yesterday's public comment hearing is:17.2%
But this isn't the only "fact" Commissioner McKinney felt compelled to correct in his defense of FirstEnergy.... there were many other commenters who were informed that their public comments were incorrect as they made their way back to their seats.Here's a nice summary of the comments made at the afternoon session
.And a TV news story
It seems that The Journal is the only outlet that covered the evening session, where the Commission heard sharp criticism from Delegate Stephen Skinner. Senator John Unger was understandably dismayed that neither the PSC nor the company bothered to notify him of the public hearing and he was unable to attend. Senator Unger will follow-up with written comments.
Where were the rest of our legislators? Better check those campaign finance reports for big FirstEnergy donations...
After listening to several dozen articulate and energetic commenters at both sessions, I've gotta say my favorite speaker was Robert Whalen, UWUA Local 102 President. He spoke at length about FirstEnergy's many failures, from its skimping on maintenance to its refusal to hire enough workers. He said that FirstEnergy only wants to spend on capital projects that earn a return, while attempting to avoid maintenance projects. FirstEnergy is paid a fixed amount for maintenance work. If the company doesn't spend all it collects, then that extra can be used to inflate earnings. Whalen even voiced suspicions that work reported as maintenance is changed to capital by corporate management. Is that sort of like cooking the books? Whalen made many very constructive suggestions for ways that the Commission could work with the union to improve service. As he succinctly put it... if you want to know the truth about FirstEnergy, you should ask the workers.
The Commission will hold formal evidentiary hearings on the rate increase later this month. Your rates will go up next spring... it's only a matter of how much.
If you missed the public hearings, you can still file a written comment with the PSC here
Hint: It's not the Sierra Club or their inexpert volunteer leadership. It's not merchant transmission developers operating outside the regional planning process, either.
It wasn't too long ago that I suggested that Sierra Club should stick to hugging trees and quit trying to engineer the power grid.
Although they were soundly rebuffed by the TVA in that instance, it appears that the Sierra Club isn't done trying to engineer the power grid yet.
A member of the Arkansas Chapter of the Sierra Club has decided that he can proclaim a transmission line "needed" if, in his opinion, it's in the public interest.
That's not the way it works. Need for transmission lines is determined by regional transmission organizations in most parts of the country. This is done through a pretty extensive and technical process. It's not done by a gaggle of arrogant know-nothings sitting around a campfire getting high and dreaming about creating a green utopia. It's not done by Sierra Club volunteers, either.
Sometimes, even real grid planners get a determination of "need" wrong.
The Clean Line projects have not been determined to be "needed" by any regional transmission organization.
Instead, the RTOs have selected other projects "as a way to reduce carbon emissions and thus reduce the risk of the damaging effects of global warming." But they have not selected Clean Line, therefore, Clean Line is not needed.
Because Clean Line is not needed, it is a venture in "capitalism." Capitalism is a "free market" system, where trade and industry are controlled by private owners. In a capitalistic society, no one may be forced to sacrifice his or her private property solely for the profit of another. Capitalism would mean that Clean Line would be required to negotiate to purchase the private property it needs for its unneeded project. It is in a communist state that private property rights do not exist.
When an infrastructure project is determined to be "needed" and in the public interest by a qualified entity with the knowledge and authority to approve it, private property may be taken for the public use. Clean Line has not been determined needed, nor granted authority to condemn private property, in Iowa, Missouri, or Arkansas. Eminent domain, need and public interest is not determined by the Sierra Club. None of the Clean Line projects has been fully permitted and are not "in progress" anywhere.
Clean Line has no customers, either generators or load serving entities. It is not needed. It will not shut down any coal plants. Not one. It also won't do anything to meet EPA regulations in importing states. The credits for wind generation may only be taken once, not multiple times by exporting states, and every other state on the way from generator to load. Clean Line will NOT speed up any carbon reductions. It's simply a plan for a transmission line that could carry energy produced by any type of generator.
Clean Line is greed masquerading
as green. Because the Sierra Club knows little about electric transmission, some clubs have made the short-sighted decision to endorse it. An arrogant, confrontational, scorched earth path to a "cleaner" society will never succeed.
Sierra Club should be doing its transmission homework, instead of jumping on the first "clean" trojan horse that rolls by.
Americans for a Clean Energy Grid sounds like a grassroots uprising of ordinary "Americans" who support building electric transmission. This group's website says it:
supports policies that will modernize the nation’s electric power network and unlock clean energy and economic opportunities across the country. Smart state and federal policies that improve the way the grid is developed, planned, and paid for will help it become a more robust, reliable, and secure network that supports expansion of renewable energy, competitive power markets, energy efficiency, and lower costs for consumers. The backbone of a clean electricity system and a strong economy is a resilient and reliable transmission grid.
But the organization's true purpose is to support the policy goals of its environmental group funders for the profits of its transmission and generator developer members.
Ordinary Americans DO NOT Support Transmission, even if it's "clean!"
Remember this guy?
He knew there were children around somewhere because he could smell them. It's easy to smell a front group, and this one has all the telltale signs.
Creating fake public support in order to influence someone to do something isn't anything new. In Act I, Scene 2 of Julius Caesar, Cassius schemes up his own plan to make Brutus think the citizens of Rome love Caesar:
I will this night,
In several hands, in at his windows throw,
As if they came from several citizens,
Writings all tending to the great opinion
That Rome holds of his name; wherein obscurely
Caesar's ambition shall be glanced at:
And after this let Caesar seat him sure;
For we will shake him, or worse days endure.
It makes me as giddy as a Child Catcher to watch this silly front group struggle and fail under the weight of its own treachery. Today, I got an "invitation" to this front group's "Electricity Transmission Summit."
Real business conferences are planned months in advance, speakers invited, attendance confirmed. And then there's ACEG. Their "agenda" for their October 16 "summit" is a laugh riot!
18 out of 25 speakers or moderators for this conference have yet to be invited or confirmed. Only 7 people have confirmed their role at this "summit." Just like the Child Catcher's wagon, the agenda looks good, until you look beyond the decorative fluff and notice all the names with (invited) after them. I also like the multiple Moderators "Journalist/Reporter/Blogger" whose identity has yet to be determined. October 16 is 3 weeks away and these clowns have yet to invite and confirm the vast majority of their speakers?
And the pinnacle? Even Farmer Jimmy Glotfelty isn't yet confirmed for their "summit"!
Thanks for the laughs, fellas! As long as you know you're not really fooling anyone, no harm done, right? ;-)
P.S. I'd fire the public relations company that screwed this up so badly.
FERClitigation.com has published a new letter to the U.S. Department of Energy's Inspector General from Senators Collins and Barrasso
The Senators are asking the same questions that have been stinking up the FERC's aura for months.
1. Are parties who "do not otherwise appear frequently before FERC" held to different standards than the utilities who are part of the daily scenery at FERC?
2. Are there clear rules about what constitutes market manipulation? Are market participants given adequate notice about what constitutes a violation and treated fairly during an investigation? Is FERC pursuing "market manipulation" that was perfectly legal when it occurred?
3. Are deals made with utilities that could be construed as quid pro quo enforcement settlements in order to receive FERC approval for a different transaction?
Tough questions. Where are the answers?
You don't have to be one of the "white shoe" FERC regulars to think that something's off here. There's been enough written to make even common consumers question whether our recently politicized FERC plays favorites with its incumbent utility friends while saving its scary investigations and worst punishments for energy "outsiders" that dare to venture into its lair.
The Wall Street Journal gets right to the point:
Ad hoc settlements win political plaudits, but because companies usually neither admit nor deny wrongdoing, the settlements set no meaningful or coherent legal precedents.
Does FERC's mindless pursuit of settlements really serve consumers? Or is it all about the occasional big headline to draw the passing attention of the common consumer and give him a false sense of security that regulation is working to protect his interests?
Does FERC play footsie with gigantic utility holding companies? Case in point: FirstEnergy's 2012 scheme to drive up capacity prices in ATSI, which cost consumers hundreds of millions of dollars. Regulators didn't bat an eye because what FirstEnergy did was legal when they did it. But, not so for some of FERC's red-headed step children that aren't regulars at the Sunrise Cafe. Their ignorance of FERC's mysterious enforcement methods has cost them dearly.
Will DOE's Inspector General shake some of the political rot and decay out of 888 First Street and restore the public's respect and trust in the important work of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission?
I hope so.
Common Pleas Judge Jane M. Davis on Wednesday granted the request by Akron-based FirstEnergy against the Utility Workers Union of America, System Local 102 and its union members.
On Saturday, according to the complaint, about 25 to 30 pickets showed up at the Green home of FirstEnergy Chief Executive Officer Tony Alexander at 9 a.m. By 10:30 a.m., more than 65 protesters on the sidewalk and along the street in the residential neighborhood were holding signs reading: “Bonus for bosses, cuts for labor” and “Tony is a Rat.”
The pickets also used air horns, with the majority of the pickets staying until 12:15 p.m. A few remained until 2:45 p.m.
A neighbor complained to the pickets about the traffic and nuisance, according to the complaint.
The complaint also says there have been at least eight protests at Alexander’s house since April, usually involving eight to 12 people.
I'm thinking that maybe Tony isn't the most popular guy at neighborhood barbecues and pool parties. Doesn't this guy have enough money to go buy himself a private estate somewhere, with vicious watch dogs, like Charles Montgomery Burns,
and quit inconveniencing his neighbors by bringing his work home with him?
Apparently all the proletarian partying on the sidewalk has gotten to the old grouch. Wahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh, Tony, WAHHHHHHHHHHHH!
I wonder if it's half as inconvenient for Tony as all the burdens he wants to put on his workers so that he can rake in more profits?
Send in the spies...
An affidavit said FirstEnergy officials learned there were sign-up sheets for protests planned for the next two Saturdays at the Bath Township home of Charles Jones, FirstEnergy executive vice president and president of FirstEnegy Utilities, and the Richfield home of Lynnette Cavalier, senior vice president of human resources.
...and the FirstEnergy legal team. FirstEnergy says it isn't trying to stop the protests, just make them more polite.
The request for the restraining order asked that the protests be limited to no more than five people and that they prohibited from using bullhorns or air horns and screaming, yelling or changing “in a manner intended to disturb.” [typo alert! I think the reporter meant "chanting," not "changing."]
FirstEnergy spokesman Todd Schneider said the company’s actions were in response to the large, “inappropriate” demonstration in a residential area.
“Protesting in front of our corporate headquarters is one thing. Protesting in a residential neighborhood is a different thing,” he said. “It was truly disruptive on a Saturday morning for them to be using a bullhorns and air horns.”
Alexander was not home at the time of last week’s protests, Schneider said, but has been home during some of the eight other protests there.
He confirmed that an off-duty local officer has been patrolling the area near Alexander’s home since the protests began in April. At times, the protesters have approached the home and neighbors’ homes, Schneider said.
He declined to say whether Alexander had hired security at other times of the day.
FirstEnergy is not trying to shut down future protests at homes, Schneider said, but requested they be limited to five people or fewer.
In granting the restraining order, however, Davis — or someone in her court — wrote “0” on a line next to the number of pickets allowed. She also set a hearing date of Sept. 29.
Is this even legal?
Bob Whalen, president of the Utility Workers of America System Local 102, said he would send word to his members to comply with the retraining order but questioned whether it violates the workers’ rights.
“We certainly will not be there. There won’t be anything sanctioned by the union. I don’t want to put my people in harm’s way [legally], and we’re not that kind of organization,” Whalen said. “We are looking at the constitutionality of that judge’s order right now.”
Whalen said he was not present at the protest in front of Alexander’s home and was not sure whether there were protests planned for the next two Saturdays, but said he has a retired worker who organizes protests.
“They have a calendar full of plans, and I really don’t micromanage it,” he said.
A call to Davis’ court chambers asking about the legality of the restraining order was not returned.
ACLU spokesman Gary Daniels said that without knowing the specifics of this case, he would comment only in acknowledging that a 1998 Supreme Court ruling allows the government to limit pickets at a single residence.
Meanwhile, 680 workers of West Penn Power, Potomac Edison and a small power plant called AE345 continue to work without a contract.
Who's paying for all these legal shenanigans? I do hope Tony is paying to rake the ruffians from his dooryard and not recovering the cost from FirstEnergy electric customers...
Just one more example of the growing divide between the haves and the have nots, the worker bees and the figureheads. Shut up and row, slaves.
And opposing testimony is filed in Clean Line's Grain Belt Express permitting case in Missouri!
Read it here! Enter case number EA-2014-0207
The citizens of Missouri scored a huge, definitive victory over Grain Belt Express at the recent series of public hearings sponsored by the MO PSC. Thousands of citizens showed up at the hearings, decked out in neon green, and spoke from the heart (transcripts of the public hearings are also available on the MO PSC docket). This is reality.
This is fantasy. In the wake of its public spanking, Grain Belt's super spunky and personable project manager, Mark Lawlor, sent what he characterized as a "press release" to the Caldwell County News. The "press release" contained Mark's revisionist version of the public hearings, to make it seem like Grain Belt didn't get its butt kicked so hard.
The Caldwell County News printed Mark's "press release" in the opinion section as a "Letter to the Editor," where it rightly belongs.
And Clean Line toady Sierra Club came out with its own press release to attempt to make it seem like its members made more of a showing than they really did. This ridiculous article downplays the reality of the crowd in favor of the fantasy of a just a few speakers. This isn't balanced "news," it's one-sided propaganda. The comments on the story expose the fantasy and replace it with reality. Grain Belt's intention to use eminent domain to take private property from Missourians so that it can ship electricity from Kansas to Indiana is "DOA."
But that's not even the half of it. Sierra Club's claims about the wonders of Grain Belt Express are also fantasy. Grain Belt will do little to "move Missouri away from its reliance on coal" when the majority of the electricity on the line will simply pass over Missouri's head on its way to other states. The converter station is called a "token" by Missourians who realize that in order to even be built in the first place this converter station requires Missouri customers to buy the power. There are none. No customers, no converter station! *poof*
Here's a better plan for Missouri: Development of in-state renewables located close to point of use. Increased energy efficiency. Both of these options provide more jobs and economic benefit to Missouri than importing electricity from another state. Importing Clean Line's power EXPORTS Missouri energy dollars to Kansas and other states.
Keep it clean. Keep it local. Keep it smart!
Reply briefs on exceptions are in at the Illinois Commerce Commission!
In the matter of Rock Island Clean Line's petition for an Order granting it a CPCN and authorizing and directing it to construct a transmission line, the dust has settled for now and it's up to ALJ Larry Jones to consider and decide if or how to modify his original Proposed Order.
You can read the briefs linked on the ICC Docket here.
I haven't read them all yet, but the few I have sampled are chock full of reality. I think my favorite bit of snark so far is found in ComEd's brief:
"Generic statements that transmission reinforcement is desirable do not amount to establishment of need."
This has been Clean Line's shtick from the beginning. The basic tenet of propaganda is to develop a simple message and repeat, repeat, repeat. If you say it long enough, and loud enough, the more unaware and uninformed among us begin to accept it as reality and repeat it.
Clean Line wants the public and the environmental community to believe that its project is "clean" and "needed." But it doesn't look like Clean Line's aspirational propaganda monologue held up to regulatory scrutiny in Illinois. And it's not holding up in the public dialogue either.
The tide is turning and Clean Line's continued insistence that, if it is only allowed to take land from thousands of families and businesses across nine midwestern states to build its project, it will be a "needed" and "clean" success is falling on deaf ears. Regulators are starting to explore these generic claims and seem to be finding nothing of substance to back them up. Need can only be definitively determined through participation in an established process for doing so. It cannot be manufactured out of thin air, hopes and dreams.
In all the states where Clean Line intends to do business for its Rock Island, Grain Belt and Plains & Eastern projects, there is already a thorough, federally-regulated process by which new transmission projects are proposed, vetted and approved. Clean Line chose to operate OUTSIDE this process and instead substitute generic claims of "need." It appears that Clean Line's claims just can't stand up to any real scrutiny. Organizations that continue to parrot these baseless claims and support Clean Line are buying a piece of pie in the sky, and ruining their own credibility with the public.
The public opinion verdict is in, and the message is simple.
The Pufferfish Foundation
wants to let folks know that the U.S. Department of Energy's Inspector General would like people who have been harassed by FERC's Office of Enforcement to contact their office.
They can contact the IG hotline at:
D.C. Metro Area: (202) 586-4073
Toll free: (800) 541-1625
FAX: (202) 586-4902
This information comes from U.S. Senator Robert Casey's office, and may be a response to the Senator's inquiry
into FERC's investigation of Powhatan Energy Fund. The investigation has been made public on the website ferclitigation.com
Powhatan sent this letter to the Inspector General in July.
So, if FERC's bullies come knocking on your door, who ya gonna call?